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Uneven Development in the Third World - Study of China and India | A. S. Bhalla | Springer
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Two key indicators are: how much has a government committed to spend on education, health and social protection? And how progressive are the spending levels?
This chart shows the money India has spent on public services over the past eight years; the horizontal lines represent expenditure as a percentage of GDP, and vertical bars expenditure in rupees. According to a forthcoming Oxfam report to be published in , India performs relatively poorly on both counts.
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Its total tax effort, currently at South Africa, by comparison, raises When it comes to the second indicator levels and progressivity of social-sector spending , India compares less well. South Africa spends more than twice as much on education 6. Oxfam has calculated that if India stops inequality from rising further, it could end extreme poverty for 90 million people by India — along with all the other countries in the world — has committed to attaining the Sustainable Development Goals by , and to ending extreme poverty by that year. But unless we make an effort to first contain and then reduce the rising levels of extreme inequality, the dream of ending extreme poverty for the million Indians — a quarter of the population — who live below an extremely low poverty line, will remain a pipe dream.
The views expressed in this article are those of the author alone and not the World Economic Forum. I accept. It's one of the 10 richest countries in the world — and one of the poorest.
It’s an Unequal World. It Doesn’t Have to Be.
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